Recently, the 2020 China auto industry development (TEDA) International Forum was held in Tianjin Binhai New Area. With the theme of "dual upgrading of industrial consumption and reconstruction of new ecological pattern", guests from the Ministry of industry and information technology, the Ministry of Finance and other government departments delivered keynote speeches on the restructuring of business forms driven by policies and markets.
Chen Kelong, deputy director of the first Department of equipment industry of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that at present, the global automobile industry is in a "great change situation not seen in a hundred years". From the international perspective, the four modernizations of the automobile industry overlap and converge and each other can be enabled. The automobile has transformed from a vehicle to an energy storage unit and other products with multiple attributes. The production mode accelerates the interconnection and cooperation, the evolution of intelligent manufacturing, and new technologies and modes At the same time, the international political environment and the impact of the international epidemic situation have brought more uncertainty to the global industry.
From the domestic point of view, China's automobile industry has laid a good foundation, new energy vehicles have achieved certain first mover advantages, and the development momentum of intelligence and networking is strong, but there are also some problems such as lack of core technology, weak basic ability and weak brand competitiveness. The downward pressure of new energy vehicles is increasing, and the external competition is intensifying. The intelligent Internet connection has become a global competitive highland. How to consolidate the traditional advantages and build new development advantages will face greater challenges.
According to the data, from January to July this year, the global automobile market fell by 24.5% year-on-year, while China's automobile sales fell by 12% year-on-year, half of the world's; while in the new energy vehicles, the sales of new energy vehicles in China from January to July decreased by 32.8% year-on-year, 20% lower than the overall automobile market, facing great downward pressure.
In this regard, song Qiuling, a first-class inspector of the economic construction Department of the Ministry of finance, said that in terms of concept, some enterprises stick to the traditional thinking of making cars, and are not sensitive to the wave of integrated development of electrification, intelligence and networking; in practice, some enterprises are lack of innovation power and ability, and their products rely excessively on financial subsidies. Song Qiuling said: "now, subsidies alone can't create an internationally famous national automobile brand. To embrace the new wave of industrial and technological revolution, we can only rely on ourselves. Otherwise, we will get up early, catch up with the late set, and even be eliminated."
In April this year, the Ministry of Finance issued a notice jointly with relevant departments, which clearly proposed to adjust the subsidy mode and carry out demonstration application of fuel cell vehicles. Song Qiuling said: "we have widely listened to the opinions of enterprises and local governments, and considered to adjust the current subsidy for the purchase of fuel cell vehicles to support the demonstration and application of urban agglomerations, promote the construction of a complete industrial chain of fuel cell vehicles, and form an industrial development pattern with reasonable layout, different focuses and coordinated promotion."
The Ministry of industry and information technology will also adhere to the two-way efforts from industrial upgrading and consumption promotion, promote the release of the new energy vehicle industry development plan 2021-2035, promote the implementation of the public sector vehicle electrification action plan, promote the innovation and development of the separation of vehicle and electricity business model, and continue to promote the improvement of vehicle electrification level in public areas such as public transportation, leasing, logistics, sanitation and some specific scenarios. At the same time, Chen Kelong revealed that the Ministry of industry and information technology is strengthening research and planning to make corresponding policy adjustments to solve the problem of insufficient positive integral supply of new energy vehicles in 2020 caused by the epidemic.
Intelligent network becomes a global competitive Highland
In addition, in view of the development of the intelligent network connected automobile industry, Chen Kelong believes that first of all, we should promote the network infrastructure, give full play to the advantages of all parties, accelerate the layout of 5g cellular communication base stations, and deploy LTE and v2x road test technology; secondly, we should improve the standard system, start the construction of the "14th five year plan" standard system, accelerate the formulation of relevant standards, and form a vehicle road coordination based, reflecting Chinese characteristics The third is to promote the test and demonstration, jointly revise the management standards for the road test and demonstration application of intelligent network connected vehicles, encourage relevant regions to carry out large-scale demonstration application of manned vehicles, and explore new business models.
It is worth noting that from the dynamic monitoring of the Internet of vehicles, the current network attack is extending to the field of Internet of vehicles. Since the beginning of this year, more than 2.8 million malicious attacks have been found against vehicle enterprises, Internet of vehicles information service providers and other related enterprises and platforms.
Zhao Zhiguo, director of the network security administration bureau of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that from the perspective of network security practice of Internet of vehicles enterprises, enterprises related to the industrial chain, especially traditional automobile enterprises, do not have a strong sense of network security, lack of protection ability and insufficient security investment. In last year's special investigation and inspection, it was found that 85% of the key components have security vulnerabilities, more than 80% of the Internet of vehicles platforms and apps lack of identity authentication, data plaintext reorganization and other hidden dangers, and nearly 60% of enterprises lack the ability of automatic network security monitoring and response.
Zhao Zhiguo pointed out that the key to the network security of the Internet of vehicles lies in the main bodies of the industrial chain. In order to speed up the construction of safety ecology in enterprises, it is necessary to explore the establishment of enterprise network security classification management mode of Internet of vehicles industry chain, clarify the requirements of various types of enterprise security, improve the guidance and enhance the level of enterprise network security, strive to solve the problem of weak network security awareness of vehicle enterprises, guide enterprises to establish and improve the management system of internal network security, and create vehicles Enterprise network security integrated innovation and service support capabilities.
On the one hand, the Ministry of industry and information technology will focus on the platform of Internet of vehicles, vehicle key equipment, remote service applications, and actively build a network security monitoring and Certification Evaluation System of enterprise self-test, third-party evaluation, and government supervision, so as to improve the internal security level of key equipment and key links of Internet of vehicles; on the other hand, it will strengthen the security level of key equipment and key links of Internet of vehicles based on the needs of industrial security development We should improve the closed-loop management mechanism of risk monitoring, information sharing, supervision and inspection, and collaborative disposal, and actively create a service ecology of safety supervision.
In addition, the Ministry of industry and information technology will coordinate relevant policy resources to promote the development of the ecology of industrial integration and innovation. Facing all kinds of security needs, we should increase and strengthen technical research, give full play to the leading role of leading automobile enterprises, summarize and refine excellent practice cases of Internet of vehicles security with network security technology application and pilot demonstration as the carrier, create a number of replicable and popularized solutions, and support the construction of demonstration areas of Internet of vehicles network security and technological innovation, and guide the upstream and downstream resources of the industrial chain In this way, a number of high-quality enterprises will be hatched and the driving force of industrial development will be cultivated.
(source: Economic Daily - China economic network)